25 November 2022
United Nations and UNFPA to light up KL in Orange on 25th November
25 November 2022
Secretary General's Message: International Day for the Elimination of Violence Against Women
24 November 2022
Strengthening social protection and advancing human rights in Malaysia
The Sustainable Development Goals in Malaysia, Singapore and Brunei Darussalam
most vulnerable. “Unless we bridge the yawning chasm between the global haves and have-nots, we are setting ourselves up for an 8-billion-strong world filled with tensions and mistrust, crisis and conflict,” said UN Secretary-General António Guterres. A more demographically diverse world than ever before
While the world’s population will continue to grow to around 10.4 billion in the 2080s, the overall rate of growth is slowing down. The world is more demographically diverse than ever before, with countries facing starkly different population trends ranging from growth to decline. Today, two-thirds of the global population lives in a low fertility context, where the lifetime fertility is below 2.1 births per woman. At the same time, population growth has become increasingly concentrated among the world’s poorest countries, most of which are in sub-Saharan Africa. Against this backdrop, the global community must ensure that all countries, regardless of whether their populations are growing or shrinking, are equipped to provide a good quality of life for their populations and can lift up and empower their most marginalised people. “A world of 8 billion is a milestone for humanity – the result of longer lifespans, reductions in poverty, and declining maternal and childhood mortality. Yet, focusing on numbers alone distracts us from the real challenge we face: securing a world in which progress can be enjoyed equally and sustainably,” said UNFPA Executive Director Dr. Natalia Kanem. “We cannot rely on one-size-fits-all solutions in a world in which the median age is 41 in Europe compared to 17 in sub-Saharan Africa. To succeed, all population policies must have reproductive rights at their core, invest in people and planet, and be based on solid data.” Complex linkages between population, sustainable development and climate change While the Day of 8 Billion represents a success story for humanity, it also raises concerns about links between population growth, poverty, climate change and the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals. The relationship between population growth and sustainable development is complex. Rapid population growth makes eradicating poverty, combatting hunger and malnutrition, and increasing the coverage of health and education systems more difficult. Conversely, achieving the SDGs, especially those related to health, education and gender equality, will contribute to
slowing global population growth. Relatedly, although slower population growth–if maintained over several decades–could help tomitigate environmental degradation, conflating population growth with a rise in greenhouse gas emissions ignores that countries with the highest consumption and emissions rates are those where population growth is already slow or even negative. Meanwhile, the majority of the world’s population growth is concentrated among the poorest countries, which have significantly lower emissions rates but are likely to suffer disproportionately from the effects of climate change. “We must accelerate our efforts to meet the objectives of the Paris Agreement as well as achieve the SDGs,” said Li Junhua, UN Under-Secretary-General for Economic and Social Affairs. “We need a rapid decoupling of economic activity from the current over-reliance on fossil-fuel energy, as well as greater efficiency in the use of those resources, and we need to make this a just and inclusive transition that supports those left furthest behind.” The need for a sustainable future built on rights and choices In order to usher in a world in which all 8 billion people can thrive, we must look to proven and effective solutions to mitigate our world’s challenges and achieve the SDGs, while prioritizing human rights. In order to pursue these solutions, increased investment from member states and donor governments is needed in policies and programmes that work to make the world safer, more sustainable and more inclusive.
Key facts and figures at a glance
● It took about 12 years for the world population to grow from 7 to 8 billion, but the next billion is expected to take approx 14.5 years (2037), reflecting the slowdown in global growth. World population is projected to reach a peak of around 10.4 billion people during the 2080s and to remain at that level until 2100.
● For the increase from 7 to 8 billion, around 70 per cent of the added population was in low- income and lower-middle-income countries. For the increase from 8 to 9 billion, these two groups of countries are expected to account for more than 90 per cent of global growth.
● Between now and 2050, the global increase in the population under age 65 will occur entirely in low income and lower-middle-income countries, since population growth in high-income and upper-middle income countries will occur only among those aged 65 years or over Media contacts:
Department of Global Communications
Department of Economic and Social Affairs
said we are treating the thin blue shell that protects us, our atmosphere, as “an open sewer”. “Today, like every day, we are spewing a 162 million tons of manmade heat trapping global warming pollution into the sky. It adds up and accumulates there... The accumulated amount traps as much extra heat as it would be released by 60,000 Hiroshima-class atomic bombs exploding every day in our planet. That’s why we are seeing these disasters,” he underscored, warning that is getting even worse. Mr. Gore said that leaders have a credibility problem: they talk but they are not doing enough. “It is a choice to continue this destructive pattern”, he explained, arguing that climate change works similarly to “an apartheid”, with the most vulnerable suffering the worst. “We don’t have to choose curses, we can choose blessings, including the blessings of renewable energy. We are in the early stages of an energy revolution, if we invest in it and stop subsidizing the culture of death, we can save ourselves,” he said. The renowned Nobel Prize-winning environmentalist also said that Africa could be the world’s renewable super Power, because the potential of the continent’s solar and wind technologies was 400 times larger than the total of the fossil fuel reserves left. He invited world leaders and global financial institutions to open pathways to generate a “renewables revolution”, including reducing interest rates for African countries. “The UN Secretary-General just said we are on a highway to climate hell, and we need to take our foot off the gas”, he said, reiterating that any fossil fuel development is incompatible with keeping global warming under 1.5 degrees Celsius. Finally, he called on leaders to work together to drive impact and address their credibility problem. “We can summon the political will to do what is necessary, political will is a renewable resource”, he concluded. A call for action on loss and damage: Mia Mottley The last speaker, Barbados Prime Minister and SDG Advocate Mia Mottley, made a case for tackling the issue of loss and damage, one of COP27’s most debated themes. She saluted Denmark, Belgium and Scotland for allocating funds for developing countries, with barely any responsibility for global emissions, strongly affected by climate change. Echoing the call of the Secretary-General, she said that while State Parties need to do the right thing, her country believes that non-State actors and stakeholders, such as oil and gas companies and those who facilitate them, need to be brought to a special convocation in the next year. “How do companies make $200 billion in profits in the last three months and not expect to contribute at least 10 cents on every dollar to a loss a damage fund? This is what our people expect,” she expressed. The Climate Implementation Summit heard from 50 Heads of State and Government on Monday, including France, Colombia, Democratic Republic of Congo, United Kingdom and Israel, and will have heard from over 100 world leaders by the time it wraps up tomorrow. While the US President Joe Biden will not attend the Summit, he will be at COP27 next week. As of now, neither China nor Russia’s Heads of State are expected to speak. Ukraine’s President Vlodimir Zelensky will send a video message. Want to know more? Check out our special events page, where you can find all our coverage of the COP27 climate summit, including stories and videos, explainers, podcasts and our daily newsletter.
UNICEF works in some of the world’s toughest places, to reach the world’s most disadvantaged children. Across more than 190 countries and territories, we work for every child, everywhere, to build a better world for everyone. For more information about UNICEF and its work, visit: www.unicef.org Follow UNICEF on Twitter, Facebook, Instagram and YouTube For more information, please contact: Dr Norizan Binti Rosli & Dr Aimi Nadiah, ICR, NIH, MOH Malaysia, +603 3362 8864, email@example.com / firstname.lastname@example.org Rachel Choong, UNICEF Malaysia, +6012 293 2690, email@example.com
The guide is produced by the Malaysian Rubber Council (MRC) in collaboration with the International Labour Organization (ILO) and through the support of the European Union.
It will assist employers in the Malaysian rubber industry, in particularly those employing migrant workers - on how to identify risks of forced labour in recruitment, employment, and sourcing practices, and how to effectively address, prevent and eliminate these risks.
“This guide forms part of a comprehensive effort to support the Malaysian rubber industry to implement the forced labour policy. Our goal is to foster a more developed and driven future for our beloved Keluarga Malaysia,” said Minister YB Datuk Hajah Zuraida Kamaruddin. “I am confident that the guide will help strengthen efforts to improve the industry's reputation and the nation's standing.”
The guide will help companies understand what forced labour is as well as the international standards, national laws and policies relating to it. It contains guiding principles, due diligence and responsible business conduct, good practices, frequently asked questions and answers on preventing forced labour as well as practical information on developing company policies.
“To avoid forced labour from occurring, this guide will act as a resource to protect employees' rights while supporting Malaysia's business community to eventually enhance workers' productivity,” said Malaysian Rubber Council Chairman, YB Dr Daroyah Alwi.
Supporting the government's mission to educate and raise awareness of forced labour, the Sustainability Division of the MRC in collaboration with the ILO has carried out various awareness raising initiatives. In addition to the guide, a video and training programme for rubber industry stakeholders will also be launched.
Panudda Boonpala, Deputy Regional Director of the ILO Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific remarked, “By investing in decent work and an enabling environment for sustainable enterprises, Malaysia has a unique opportunity to create more and better jobs, increase productivity and skills, and support growth across the rubber glove supply chain. This will ultimately increase its competitiveness in global markets.”
The initiative is a joint effort by the government, businesses, labour unions, civil society, and the ILO. It is in support of Malaysia's first National Action Plan on Forced Labour as well as Malaysia’s participation as an Alliance 8.7 Pathfinder country to accelerate efforts to end forced labour.
ILO and the European Union are supporting the Malaysian rubber industry through the ‘Sustainable Supply Chains to Build Forward Better’ project. This sets out to strengthen dialogue and promote decent work in Malaysia’s rubber glove supply chain.
“Promoting decent work in global supply chains is a priority of the European Union. We are proud to support Malaysia’s efforts to eradicate forced labour and to improve the working conditions of Malaysians and migrant workers alike,” said His Excellency Michalis Rokas, Ambassador of the European Union to Malaysia. “Apart from remedying obvious human rights issues, these actions will increase Malaysia’s international reputation as a rubber industry leader, facilitate the export of its goods in compliance with international standards and prepare for the upcoming EU legislation in this area.”
The Malaysian Rubber Council (MRC) , formerly known as Malaysian Rubber Export Promotion Council, was incorporated on 14 April 2000 under the Companies Act 1965 as a company limited by guarantee under the Ministry of Plantation Industries and Commodities (MPIC). MRC is governed by a Board of Trustees appointed by the Minister of Plantation Industries and Commodities. MRC is tasked with undertaking market promotion of quality Malaysian rubber and rubber products in world markets. MRC has overseas offices in the US, China, India, Europe and the Middle East. The USA office was set up in Washington DC in February 2001 and serves as a centre of information on Malaysian rubber and rubber products for the American public and end-users. MRC has two offices in China – the Shanghai office was set up in September 2011 and the Guangzhou office in April 2016 with the responsibility to facilitate and assist Malaysian companies seeking to grow their business in China. MRC India was set up in Mumbai in May 2016 to facilitate the export of Malaysian rubber and rubber products and to assist Malaysian companies to grow their business in India. MRC's Europe office is in London which plays an important role to facilitate exports of Malaysian rubber products into Europe by monitoring developments and changes in policies and new regulations concerning the importation and use of rubber products in Europe. MRC’s Middle East office was established in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia in September 2021 with the intent to explore and facilitate potential joint ventures, foreign investment and R&D collaborations in the MENA region. For further information please contact: Wan Laila, Tel: 0193314145
‘Aisyah ‘Izzati, Tel: 0177391219
Malaysian Rubber Council
Strategic Communications Division
Siu Ming Lee
National Project Coordinator
ILO Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific
Sustainable Supply Chains to Build Forward Better